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CfP: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War
1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War is an English-language online reference work on World War I dedicated to publishing high quality peer-reviewed content. Each article in the encyclopedia is a self-contained publication and its author receives full recognition. All articles receive a distinct URL address as well as a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) and are fully citable as scholarly publications. 1914-1918-online is an open access publication, which means that all articles are freely available online, ensuring maximum worldwide dissemination of content.
The editors invite academics to contribute articles on a select number of topics not yet covered by our invitation-only editorial process. The Call for Papers will be automatically updated. Authors who are interested in submitting a paper on any of the subjects listed should submit a short CV with a publication list, as well as an abstract (max.250 words) or a full-length paper. To submit an abstract/full-length paper, please click on a topic of your choice in the list of open articles. The submission will then be sent to the responsible section editor(s) for consideration, after which you will be contacted with a decision.
The Call for Papers can be found by navigating from our home page (https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net), or here: https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/call-for-papers/
 

CFP: The end of the empires. Formation of the post-war order in Central and Eastern Europe in 1918-1923

22.11.2018-23.11.2018, Wroclaw, Oratorium Marianum (University of Wroclaw), pl. Uniwersytecki 1, 50-001 Wroclaw
Deadline: 15.04.2018
The Historical Institute of the University of Wrocław and the Institute of National Remembrance in Wrocław are honoured to invite you to participate in an international conference titled The end of the empires. Formation of post-war order in Central and Eastern Europe in 1918-1923, to be held in Wrocław on 22-23 November 2018. The starting point for the discussion will be the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I and the restoration of Poland’s independence. The organizers also intent to focus on the state-forming processes of nations forged from the ruins of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires in the context of shaping the eastern border of the Polish state.
World War I resulted in the final collapse of the „Viennese order”, which not only necessitated a search for other paths to consensus, but also created conditions for the new states that emerged on the foundations of the 19th-century processes involved in forming nations. The defeat of the occupying forces gave Poland the independence it longed for, but the „awakening” of nations that remained part of the First Republic led to a revision of existing relations and adoption of a full spectrum of attitudes ranging from cooperation and acceptance to conflict. Internal transformations in Russia and Germany, which became either enemy or an ally in the independence aspirations of the young republics, played a tremendous role. International conditions and the positions of Western states were also crucial.
During the sessions we propose focusing on the following issues:
1) in the face of a new order in europe:
– Germany’s defeat, the collapse of the Russian Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire;
– „fighting for independence”; the process of building new state structures against the backdrop of the international situation;
– the impact of international law on transformations in Central and Eastern Europe: (the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Wilson’s Fourteen Points, the Treaty of Versailles, the Treaty of Riga, meetings of the Council of Ambassadors);
2) new states and their internal problems:
– political aspects (conflicts resulting from different concepts and modes of action, building a state apparatus);
– military aspects (fighting for state borders, supplying armies, military cooperation);
– economic aspects ((re)construction of the economic basis for the functioning of the state);
– social aspects (attitudes of the population, the issue of national identity, everyday life);
3) implementation of independence aspirations and relations between states:
– political aspirations and conceptions for shaping the borders of the state and relations with new neighbors;
– the attitudes of Russia and Germany towards the changes taking place on the map of the Eastern Europe;
– cooperation between nations in the struggle for their own state and regional security.
The issues listed above are intended to suggest the main directions of discussion and provide inspiration to attendees, but other proposals related to the central theme of the conference are also welcome.
There is no conference fee, and conference materials, meals (lunches, coffee breaks, official dinner), and accommodations will be provided. In addition, travel costs will be co-financed for lecturers from abroad.
The proposal (in English, Ukrainian, Polish or Russian) should be submitted via the registration form:
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeKutrxYvhBzGXFP9k-GyX3dTGtqCtOUM1DdqRttoCUyI-3QA/viewform?usp=sf_link
 
CfP: No End to War
28.03.2018-25.01.2019, Manchester, University of Manchester
Centre for the Cultural History of War, University of Manchester; War, Conflict and Society Research Group, Manchester Metropolitan University; Legacies of War Project, University of Leeds
Deadline: 18.05.2018
Confirmed Speakers: Prof. John Horne (TCD, Emeritus), Prof. Robert Gerwarth (UCD), Prof. Alison Fell (Leeds)
Europe’s post-war transition of 1918/1919 has received new scholarly attention in light of the First World War centenary. There has been a recent attempt to contextualise this transition, and to understand how the period after 1918 witnessed both continuing traces of violence and a renewed focus on caregiving. Particularly relevant are the ways in which, across Europe, the war gave rise not only to paramilitary violence, civil unrest, and military occupation, but also new cultures of humanitarianism. This conference aims to act as an intellectual and public intervention in the discussions of 2018 and 2019, and engage with key issues in the cultural history of the transition from war to peace.
This conference seeks to stimulate dialogue between historians of post-war violence, occupation, caregiving and humanitarianism, and contribute to a new integrated history of the aftermath of the First World War. We invite papers on any nation or region, and particularly encourage comparative and transnational approaches. Major topics of discussion will include:
- Paramilitaries and Paramilitary Violence
- Post-War Military Occupations and Transfers of Occupation
- Demobilisation and Demilitarisation
- Post-War Incarceration
- POW Returns
- Forced Displacement
- Humanitarianism
- Nursing and Medicine
- Cultural Representations of Violence and Care
Within these parameters, the conference seeks to range broadly over the interrelationship of violence and care in the aftermath of the First World War, but potential questions include:
- What new humanitarian cultures and practices did the ‘wars after the war’ provoke? What pre-war ideas and practices persisted?
- How instrumental were ex-servicemen in spreading cultures of care and violence after 1918?
- In what ways did post-war paramilitarism and humanitarianism intersect?
- How successfully were returning POWs cared for and rehabilitated?
- How violent were the Allied occupations of Germany and the Ottoman Empire after 1918?
- In what ways did the injured and disabled challenge social reintegration?
- The family as site of care and violence: what new challenges did families face after 1918?
- How significant was local activism in shaping transnational networks?
- What insights can we gain from examining the role of individuals as agents of humanitarianism?
- How did the creative arts and languages serve populations coming to terms with survival, loss and continued violence?
- How were images of human suffering mobilised by humanitarian activists?
- Which victims of war or agents of humanitarianism are remembered (and forgotten)? Why were some voices weakened or silenced?
- How have museums and practitioners in the field of cultural heritage curated and communicated the complexities of violence and care in the wake of war to public audiences?
Papers should be 20 minutes in length, and submissions from post-graduate and postdoctoral scholars are particularly encouraged. Please send a 300 word abstract and 1 page CV to NoEndToWar@gmail.com by 18 May, 2018.

CfP: The End of an Era: World War One and the Birth of a New World Order
Babeş-Bolyai University in collaboration with the Romanian Academy – Center for Transylvanian Studies,  and the History Institute – Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Cluj-Napoca, 18-21 October 2018
Deadline: for Panel Proposals 15.3.2018 / for Paper Proposals 30.5.2018
The Great War completely changed geopolitical borders, economic systems, social structures, technology, and mentalities. Four great empires disappeared from the world map, and upon their ruins new states with new frontiers emerged. The political order of Europe, but also of other parts of the world, was deeply restructured. The Great War therefore shook the social order of the world. The aristocracy lost its dominant position, and the middle classes and workers began to claim an increasingly important role in society.The enormous number of casualties caused by the war also created emancipation opportunities for women: access to higher education, positions previously reserved for men only, or the right to vote in some states of the world. The very way of fighting a war underwent irreversible changes – the old weapons and strategies were replaced by others in which technology played an essential role, and cavalry attacks were replaced by tanks, planes and submarines.
For Romania, the end of the war meant a huge chance to unite all the Romanian historical provinces within the borders of the same state, and to rebuild itself as a genuine regional power. The centenary of this pivotal moment for the Romanian people provides a good opportunity for a retrospective approach and re-evaluation of this event whose lasting effect still makes itself felt in some areas today.
We invite papers focusing on the following possible topics:
    Woodrow Wilson and Wilsonianism;
    The geopolitical reorganization of Europe at the end of the Great War;
    The birth of Great Romania in 1918;
    The emergence of new state formations and their international acknowledgment;
    Alliances at the end of the war;
    Changes in political thinking after the Great War;
    The economic effects of the war;
    The impact of war on social classes; revolutionary movements;
    The Great War and the premise of technological and industrial advancement;
    One century later: the lasting consequences of the Great War.
Proposals are not restricted to these suggestions. We invite individual presentations, thematic sections/ panels, roundtable discussions in accordance with the rules and calendar of the conference. The official languages of the conference are Romanian and English.
For more information, calls, registration see the website: http://wwi2018.conference.ubbcluj.ro/
 
CfP: The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and the Challenge of a New World Order
Deutsches Historisches Institut Paris (DHIP), LABEX EHNE, Commission d'histoire des relations internationales, 05.06.2019-08.06.2019, Paris
Deadline: 01.06.2018
The Peace Conference held in Paris in the aftermath of the Great War remains among the most important yet also most controversial events in modern history. Although it is often considered to have made a second global war all but inevitable, it has also been praised for providing the basis for an enduring peace that was squandered recklessly by poor international leadership during the 1930s.
A major international conference will take place in Paris in June 2019 to commemorate the centenary of the 1919 Conference from a global perspective. The purpose of this event is to re-examine the history of the Peace Conference through a thematic focus on the different approaches to order in world politics in the aftermath of the First World War. A remarkably wide range of actors in Paris – from political leaders, soldiers and diplomats to colonial nationalist envoys and trade unionists, economists, women's associations and ordinary citizens – produced a wide array of proposals for a future international and, indeed, global order. These proposals were often based on vastly different understandings of world politics. They went beyond the articulation of specific national security interests to make claims about the construction and maintenance of peace and the need for new norms and new institutions to achieve this aim. To what extent the treaties and their subsequent implementation represented a coherent order remains a question of debate.
By ‘order’, we mean in the first instance, the articulation and development of systematic ideas, institutions and practices aimed at promoting a durable peace that would deliver security, economic recovery and social justice. This
distinguishes thinking about ‘order’ from discussions of ‘national interests’ - though there was of course overlap between these two modes of thinking about future international relations. Second, we are interested in ‘order’ as an analytical concept in its own right. This encourages historians to identify, as Paul Schroeder has urged, the shared rules, assumptions, and understandings about a particular set of political relations and to show how specific decisions reflect the norms of the order.
Emphasising the preoccupation of peace-makers with the problem of world order broadens the scope of the familiar questions and debates that have dominated the literature on the Peace Conference. It also opens the way for posing new questions and for thinking about more familiar questions in new ways. We therefore invite papers addressing the following questions:
  1) What were the different conceptions of political, economic and social order advocated at the Paris Conference? What was the relationship between different ideas about the international order, such as a system based on national self-determination and one based on the rule of law? Were there broad overarching conceptions of an international order, such as liberal or socialist internationalism, that could accommodate more narrowly focused ideas such as free trade or labour rights? How did people conceive of the relationships between self-interest and order? What role did power politics play in conceptions of international order? Were the absentees from Paris – notably the Germans and the Bolsheviks – able to shape the debate about the emerging international order?
  2) What were the origins of these different ideas about order? Why was there such an interest in the systematic development of particular orders both during and after the war? Who produced ideas about order, and why?
What was in particular the role of NGOs and ordinary citizens? Can an approach based on different ‘generations’ of international actors illuminate this problem in new ways? Was the idea of ‘order’ a reaction to international politics before and during the war? Or did it represent a continuity with certain strands of thinking about international politics that pre-dated the outbreak of war in 1914? What was the relationship between the articulation of war aims and ideas about post-war order?
  3) To what extent did contending visions of an international order shape the peace treaties? Did the organization and proceedings of the Conference reflect tensions between the national, the regional and the global? What
was the role of regional orders in shaping broader conceptions of a new world order? To what extent did discourses concerning new regional orders reflect fundamental changes in the conceptualization of world politics? To what extent were they a repackaging of the more familiar themes of empire or spheres of influence?
  4) How were the peace treaties legitimated to domestic and international audiences? Were subsequent negotiations on the implementation and revision of the peace treaties shaped by the profound debates about international politics that took place before and during the Peace Conference? Were conceptions of international order systematically subordinated to concerns about national security? Conversely, to what extent can it be argued that the Paris Peace Conference produced or contributed to a disorder in European politics that led ultimately to the Second World War?
  5) What was the impact of the Paris Peace Conference on views of world order based on gender, class and race? How did women, workers and colonial subjects respond to the peace conference and what was its impact on the emergence of alternative voices in international affairs? Whose voices were heard at Paris in 1919 and whose remained silent or were silenced?
  6) What political and diplomatic practices were implied in these various conceptions of international order? To what extent did these practices shape the course of international relations after 1919? Did the intellectual debate and political experience of the Paris Peace Conference play a role in shaping a future generation of leaders (such as Jean Monnet and John Foster Dulles)?
  The Conference organizers aim to ensure the conference provides a global perspective on the Paris Peace Conference. We are therefore particularly keen to receive proposals from scholars working on topics pertaining to the non-western world. The organisers anticipate securing limited financial resources to support delegates' participation in the conference.
The conference languages will be English and French. Regardless of language, all proposals will receive serious consideration

 Kontakt: Axel Dröber, Deutsches Historisches Institut,8 rue du Parc Royal, F-75003 Paris
adroeber@dhi-paris.fr

CFP: The First World War in Italy and Beyond. History, Legacy and Memory (1918-2018)
Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Modern Italy
30.11.2018-01.12.2018, London, Italian Institute of Culture, London
Deadline: 01.06.2018
Call for papers and panels
The conference will explore the history, legacy and memory of the First World War in Italy from 1918 to 2018. As the War was one of the formative experiences of the modern Italian nation, the aim is to place the conflict in a longer chronological perspective and to highlight its lasting impact from a range of viewpoints. Drawing on recent innovations in the historiography, the conference will shift focus away from the battlefields towards hitherto neglected areas of study, including the experience of civilians and everyday life, the transition from war to peace, and the post-war climate and reconstruction. It will shed light on how the memory of WWI shaped Italy's national identity and served political ends during the Fascist period and after the Second World War. The intention is also to escape the confines of national historiography by placing Italy in comparative and transnational contexts. Thus, the centenary presents an opportunity to look with fresh eyes at the mark left by the War on the history, politics and society of Italy.
We welcome proposals from scholars working in a variety of disciplines including history, literature, film, politics, anthropology, art, economics, sociology and geography.
Panels might include, but are not limited to:
- The immediate aftermath of WW1 (1918–1922) and the rise of social conflict, political violence and Fascism
- The creation of the League of Nations and the emergence of pacifism, humanitarianism and internationalism
- The experience of veterans in the post-war period
- New historiographical approaches to the study of Italy and WW1
- Global, transnational and comparative perspectives
- Local, regional and national experiences
- Gender, both femininity and masculinity
- Family and societal ties
- Changes to ideas of nationhood, democracy, citizenship and community after WW1
- The legacy of WWI under Fascism
- Parallels between the aftermath of WW1 and the aftermath of WW2
- The material heritage of the War: monuments, memorials and cemeteries
- Italy's commemorations of the centenary in national or transnational contexts
The organizers welcome proposals for individual papers and for panels composed of 3 speakers. They reserve the right to break up and re-structure proposed panels.
Confirmed keynote speakers:
Dr. Marco Mondini (University of Padua, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento) - Author of numerous bestselling books on Italy and WW1, including most recently Il Capo. La Grande Guerra del generale Luigi Cadorna (Il Mulino 2017) and La guerra italiana. Partire, raccontare, tornare 1914-18 (Il Mulino 2014). He is a frequent contributor to programmes on Rai Storia, e.g. http://www.raistoria.rai.it/articoli/cadorna-il-capo/32462/default.aspx
Prof. Gunda Barth Scalmani (University of Innsbruck) - Author of numerous works on Italian-Austrian relations and the experiences of women during WWI, including Ein Krieg - Zwei Schützengräben, Österreich - Italien und der Erste Weltkrieg in den Dolomiten 1915–1918 (Bozen 2005) and Militärische und zivile Kriegserfahrungen 1914–1918 (Innsbruck, 2010).
Please send an abstract of max. 250 words and a short biography to asmi.conference1918@gmail.com
The closing date for receipt of abstracts is 1 June 2018
Organising Committee: Selena Daly (University College Dublin), Carlotta Ferrara degli Uberti (University College London), Hannah Malone (Freie Universität Berlin), Martina Salvante (University of Warwick)